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About Ocean Governance
"Global commons" are "resources or regions outside of national jurisdiction”[1], including the high seas (water and seabed), the atmosphere, the Antarctic and outer space. The global commons are “unowned resources” outside of the sovere...

The health of the ocean is of the common concern of humanity. While the ocean environmental challenge rose, states have been taken progressive measures to combat the problems within their water. However, the actions to protect the ocean beyond national jurisdiction is falling behind. Focusing on issues relating to the high sea marine protected areas(MPAs) in the context of BBNJ ( conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction), this report tries to illustrate the complexity of high sea governance and elaborate the necessity of protecting the high seas from the perspective of politics, science, management and law.


In recent years, marine protection has gradually become a hot topic in international environmental politics. MPA, as a tool of marine zoning management, has attracted more and more concern and attention. In this context, a seminar on “Design of Large Marine Protected Areas: Theory and Practice” was held on August 27, 2018 by G-Hub and the International Master of Environmental Policy Program of Duke University and Duke Kunshan University. The seminar shared the case study of Antarctic and Yellow Sea ecosystems, and considering the background of climate change, the principles, methods and practices of the construction of large-scale MPAs were discussed. G-hub has complied the report based on the presentations, hoping to promote the learning and exchange among those concerned about marine protection in China.


Large marine protected areas (MPAs) can protect the ocean’s resilience more effectively and play an essential role in supporting climate change adaptation and mitigation.


Talks must overcome a web of vested interests before a biodiversity charter can be agreed.


The term “discourse power” is generally considered to originate from Foucault’s “Discourse is power”. The particularity of the global commons has meant that only a few countries were able to participate substantively in decision-making, which is sometimes in the name of “representing all humanity” So, the moral factor really matters in the mainstream discourse when it comes to problems in the public common. Therefore, it is crucial to coordinate national interests with the interests of all mankind in mind, and also short-term interests with long-term interests in public common. This paper observes a specific negotiation process on environmental protection which is a common issue, and proposes a framework for analyzing the institutional discourse power in common governance for discussion, and attempts to put forward some practical recommendations.


Can China’s new Arctic policy protect the region’s delicate ecology?


Chen Jiliang says a transparent strategy of objectives on the polar regions would empower officials tasked with realising them, as well as end international speculation about China’s true aims.


Proposed reserves in the Antarctic have prompted accusations of a big-power carve up, but the critics have got it wrong.

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