“Johannesburg Plan” proposed to build representative MPA network by 2020.
The Kyoto Protocol imposed restrictions on greenhouse gas emissions in the form of regulations. Subsequently, the United States overturned the Kyoto Protocol commitments on the grounds of economic development. Canada, Russia and Japan also joined the opposition camp and refused to make specific emission reduction commitments. The climate talks were one stalled in a tug of war.
Bali Road Map, a new agreement to slow global warming, was adopted in this conference, which made the United States back to the negotiation procession.
The 15th Conference of the Parties under the UNFCCC was held in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 7 to 18 December 2009. The meeting did not meet a legally biding climate agreement, but still contained some positive results. Developed countries pledged to provide US$ 100 billion to climate fund by 2020 per year, in order to support developing countries to address climate change.
Negotiators gathered in Bonn, Germany, for the first negotiation under the UNFCCC in this year from 29 April to 3 May 2013. As the first “three-to-one track” meeting of the Bali Road Map and the Kyoto Protocol, the whole five-day meeting were around the ADP to discuss, without the fetters of negotiations under the SBI and SBSTA. GHUB, as one of the few civil society representatives, participated in the meeting and reported on the front line, to discuss the “consensus” among parties in negotiations.