Welcome to GHUB
- 中文  | English
Issue 43 | Blue Pulse: Marine Conservation Bulletin
Issue 42 | Blue Pulse: Marine Conservation Bulletin
Issue 41 | Blue Pulse: Marine Conservation Bulletin
Ocean Conservation
The ocean is the world's largest sink of carbon and source of oxygen. It regulats the global climate. It’s is the cradle of life, the origin of terrestrial ecosystems. It is an important resource for human development, which affords cou...

This quick-read material consisting of several briefings has mapped out key issues and background information on the relationship between the ocean and the CBD. It has been produced for partners interested in the post-2020 biodiversity process.


The health of the ocean is of the common concern of humanity. While the ocean environmental challenge rose, states have been taken progressive measures to combat the problems within their water. However, the actions to protect the ocean beyond national jurisdiction is falling behind. Focusing on issues relating to the high sea marine protected areas(MPAs) in the context of BBNJ ( conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction), this report tries to illustrate the complexity of high sea governance and elaborate the necessity of protecting the high seas from the perspective of politics, science, management and law.


In recent years, marine protection has gradually become a hot topic in international environmental politics. MPA, as a tool of marine zoning management, has attracted more and more concern and attention. In this context, a seminar on “Design of Large Marine Protected Areas: Theory and Practice” was held on August 27, 2018 by G-Hub and the International Master of Environmental Policy Program of Duke University and Duke Kunshan University. The seminar shared the case study of Antarctic and Yellow Sea ecosystems, and considering the background of climate change, the principles, methods and practices of the construction of large-scale MPAs were discussed. G-hub has complied the report based on the presentations, hoping to promote the learning and exchange among those concerned about marine protection in China.


Large marine protected areas (MPAs) can protect the ocean’s resilience more effectively and play an essential role in supporting climate change adaptation and mitigation.


The term “discourse power” is generally considered to originate from Foucault’s “Discourse is power”. The particularity of the global commons has meant that only a few countries were able to participate substantively in decision-making, which is sometimes in the name of “representing all humanity” So, the moral factor really matters in the mainstream discourse when it comes to problems in the public common. Therefore, it is crucial to coordinate national interests with the interests of all mankind in mind, and also short-term interests with long-term interests in public common. This paper observes a specific negotiation process on environmental protection which is a common issue, and proposes a framework for analyzing the institutional discourse power in common governance for discussion, and attempts to put forward some practical recommendations.


Land constitutes 29% of the earth’s surface and nearly 13% of it is protected, while high seas account for 43% of the earth’s surface and less than 1% of them are fully protected. As the marine environment has been rapidly deteriorating in recent years, we call for in this report the establishment of the world’s largest marine protected area (MPA) in the Antarctic Ocean, which makes up 10% of the ocean in our living planet and is the world’s last pristine wilderness. The report depicts the productive yet fragile ecosystem in the Antarctic Ocean and potential threats to it arising from climate change and commercial fishing. The report elaborates on the function of Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resource (CCAMLR), its precautionary approach of management and the progress of marine conservation in the Antarctic Ocean. It documents the development of the international dialogue pertaining to Ross Sea and East Antarctic MPA proposals among 25 members of CCAMLR and makes responses from NGO’s perspective to the main concerns of the countries that are not in support of the proposals.

Copyrights 2013-2019 GHUB Corporation, All Rights Reserved 京ICP备案12015034号-3